Dance Classes \ Terminology Dictionary

Do you know what a Colgada is, or a Gancho, an Enchufla Doble, a Sombrero, Parada or Shine? The list below provides a quick list of dance moves, usually in Spanish and also provides an (English) translation and simple definition.

This list is not extensive and we will continue to add as time allows, so please come back to watch the list grow. Fancy learning one of the steps below? Come into class and let one of our teachers know which you would like to learn.
Click the dance type to find out more
Tango
Abrazo (The Embrace)
The embrace; a hug; or dance position used in Milonguero style, and Salon style. Close body contact. The women's arm is around the shoulders of the man or behind the man's back. In Salon Style the embrace can open slightly to accommodate more complex moves. The weight is on the balls of the feet for both the man and the woman. The upper bodies being closer to each other than the feet, is part of close embrace for Salon style. The woman and the man have their own axis and share a common third axis in between the contact of their bodies. In milonguero style the woman's body leans forward on the man's to produce very close body contact. The embrace does not change throughout the dance. The woman's head is turned to the left. The woman's axis is often very forward onto the man's and is no longer her own. Open embrace: used in Nuevo tango. No body contact, very loose informal open arms. The women's left hand is holding the man's arm at or above the elbow.

Abrir (To open)
To open

Adelante (Forward)
Forward (opp. atrás). Used to describe the direction of ochos.

Adorno (Adornment; embellishment)
Movements from the man or the women that are unique to each dancer and come from the individual creativity that adorn or embellish the dance. See Firulete.

Aficionado (Afficionado)
A fan (from afición - liking); a fancier: An enthusiastic admirer or follower; a devotee or a fan of something, such as tango.

Aguja (Needle)
An adornment for the man done with the working foot vertical with the toe into the floor while pivoting inside a molinete.

Al costado (To the side)
To the side.


Alma
(Soul)
Soul


Amague (A feint)
From amagar -- a feint: An amague is used as an embellishment either led or done on one’s own, and may be used before taking a step. A move that appears to move in one direction and then changes the direction at the last second. An example of an amague may be a beat (frappé) before taking a step. See Cuatro.


Amor (Love)
Love


Apilado Style (Piled on)
As used in tango, the reference is to the way a jockey is "piled on" his horse, when racing—hugging the neck. A vertical A-frame position of two dancers in close embrace. Also see Milonguero Style.


Arrabal (The slums)
Also suburb/neighbourhood in which someone sings or dances tango.


Arrabalero
A person of low social status. A person of simple and direct ways who speaks plainly and uses coarse language.


Arrastre (The drag)
From arrastrar - to drag/pull: See Barrida.


Arrepentida (Repentant)
To change one’s mind: A family of steps which allow a couple to back away from a collision or traffic jam in a minimal amount of space and on short notice.


Atrás (Backwards)
Backward (opp. adelante). Used to describe the direction of ochos.

Bailar (To dance)
To dance


Bailarin (Dancer) 
A professional or very accomplished dancer.


Bailongo (Dance place) 
A lunfardo word to describe a place where people dance, i.e. a milonga.


Balanceo  
A deep check and replace. See Cadencia.


Baldosa (Tile)
A walking box figure named after the black & white checkerboard tile floors which are common in Buenos Aires . See Cuadrado.


Bandoneón
An accordion like musical instrument originally created to provide missionaries with portable pipe organ music for religious services in remote locales which has been adopted by tango musicians to create the mournful and soulful sound of modern tango music.


Barrida (The sweep) 
A sweeping motion, one partner’s foot sweeps the other’s foot and places it without losing contact. Barridas are done from either the outside or the inside of the foot of the receiving party. The technique is different for the inside and outside barridas. See Arrastre, and Llevada.


Barrio (Hood)
A district or neighborhood.


Basico (The basic pattern)
There are several basic patterns the most common of which is the 8-count basic (the first figure usually taught to beginning students after the walking steps).


Bien Parado
Well stood (literally), standing straight up. Elegantly and gallantly presented. See pinta, postura.


Bloque (Block)
Where one dancer blocks the motion of the other's foot.


Boleo
From bolear - To throw: A boleo may be executed either high or low. Keeping the knees together, with one leg back, swivel and return on the supporting leg with a whipping action of the working leg. Sometimes spelled Voleo. See Latigazo.


Brazo (Arm)
Arm

Cabeceo (see also Codigos)
From la cabeza (f) -- head: Traditional technique for selecting dance partners from a distance at the milongas in Buenos Aires by using eye contact and head movements.
The cabeceo makes the invitation to dance less stressful as it allows the invited person to decline discretely. Non-verbal cues are frequently used. So, as you are getting ready to ask someone to dance, try to catch their eye, smile and nod. You might raise your eyebrows in an inquiring expression or directing a nod towards the dance floor. Observe their body language. For instance, if you make eye-contact and the other person quickly turns away, pretends not to see you, or busies themselves in some way, it means they do not want to dance. On the other hand, if your potential partner returns your eye-contact with a smile and/or a nod, you are encouraged to invite them verbally (ie. "would you like to dance?").
When inviting a person who is in the presence of their significant other, it is courteous to ask their significant other for permission.  Be friendly but not flirtatious and avoid dance moves that are sexually suggestive. Avoid monopolizing anyone’s partner with multiple tandas (see Tanda in The Tango Dictionary).


Cadena (The chain; enchainement)
Three or four steps involving change of direction that repeats itself. An athletic and very theatrical turning figure which moves rapidly across the floor turning left, in which the couple alternate amagues (cuatros) or ganchos. Another variation involves the man stepping outside left in crossed feet and leading the lady in a change of direction to keep her in front of him as he turns to the left, alternately going around her and bringing her around him.


Cadencia (Cadence, rhythm)
A deep check and replace, usually led by the man as he steps forward left. Useful for avoiding collisions and making direction changes in small spaces. May also refer to a subtle shifting of weight from foot to foot in place and in time with the music done by the man before beginning a dance to give the lady the rhythm he intends to dance and to ensure that she will begin with him on the correct foot. See Balanceo.


Caida (Fall)
A step in which the man steps backward, sinks on his supporting leg, and crosses his working leg in front without weight while leading the lady to step forward in outside position, sink on her supporting leg and cross her working leg behind without weight. Caida may be done to either side.


Calecita, also Calesita (Carousel)
A movement in which the man leans the lady's axis on his and steps around her placing all his steps equidistant to her supporting leg. If he steps further away from her supporting leg during the calesita it creates a deeper angle and is often called Carpa (tent). Sometimes referred to as the Stork when the lady’s leg is lifted in the cuatro position.


Calle 
Street


Caminada
The walking steps; a walking step.


Caminando (Caminar) Valsiado
A crossing and walking step which the man initiates at 3 of basico as he steps forward right in outside right position, pivoting to his right on his right foot and leading the lady to pivot on her left foot, stepping side left (side right for the lady) and drawing his right leg under him with weight (the lady mirroring with her left). The man then steps forward left in outside left position, pivoting to the left on his left foot, stepping side right and drawing his left foot under him with weight (as the lady dances the natural opposite). The man returns to outside right position and either continues the figure or walks the lady to the cross. May be danced in tango or vals.


Caminar (To walk)
The walk is similar to a natural walking step, but placing the ball of the foot first instead of the heel. Sometimes taught that the body and leg must move as a unit so that the body is in balance over the forward foot. Another style requires stretching the working leg, placing the foot, and then taking the body over the new supporting foot regardless of direction. Walks should be practiced both forward and backward for balance, fluidity, and cat like gracefulness.


Candombe
A type of dance originally danced by the descendants of black slaves in the Rio de la Plata region and still performed in Montevideo, Uruguay . Music of African origin with a marked rhythm played on a "tamboril" (a kind of drum). It survives today as a rhythmic background to certain milongas such as Azabache by Miguel Caló, Carnavalito by Lucio Demare, Estampa del 800 by Francisco Canaro and the very popular recordings by Juan Carlos Cacérès.


Cangrejo (The crab)
A repetitive pattern of walking steps and or sacadas in which the man advances turned nearly sideways to his partner.


Canyengue
A very old style of tango from the 1900s to the 1940s. The music from this era had a faster or peppier 2/4 tempo so the dance had a rhythmic flavor similar to that of modern milonga. A very close embrace was used as well as some unique posture and footwork elements. The tango of the arrabal. A lunfardo word with several meanings. It refers to somebody or something from the slums, i.e. low class. It also describes a gathering where people from the slums dance. It is also a certain way to perform or dance the tango with a slum attitude. Finally, it is a rhythmic effect created by Leopoldo Thompson by hitting the string of the contrabass with the hand or the arch of the bow.


Cara (Face)
Face


Carancanfunfa (also carancanfun)
In the lingo of the compadritos, the dance of tango with interruptions (cortes) and also those who dance it that way in a very skillful manner.


Caricias (Caresses)
A gentle stroking with the leg or shoe against some part of the partner's body. They can be subtle or extravagant. See Adorno, Firulete, and Lustrada.


Carousel
A term used for molinete con sacadas to the man’s left, the lady’s right, with ochos and or ocho cortado to exit.


Carpa (The tent)
A figure created when the man leads the lady onto one foot as in calecita and then steps back away from her, causing her to lean at an angle from her foot to his frame. See Inclinada, Puente.


Castigada (From castigar: to punish; a punishment)
A lofting of the lady's working leg followed by flexing at the knee and caressing the working foot down the outside of the supporting leg. Often done as an adorno prior to stepping forward, as in parada or in ochos.


Chiche
Small ornamental beats done around the supporting foot with the working foot in time with the music, either in front or in back as desired. See adorno, firulete.


Cierre
A three step sequence that ends with both feet together. Referred to as steps 6-7-8 (see Basico).


Cintura (Waist)
Waist


Club Style
See Milonguero Style.


Codo (Elbow)
Elbow


Codigos (Codes)
Refers to the codes of behavior and the techniques for finding a dance partner in the milongas in Buenos Aires . See Cabeceo.


Colgada (A hanger)
When the follower's axis is tilted (away from the leader). A spinning move executed by a couple at the end of an inside barrida in which both dancers lean out away from each other and spin rapidly until the man leads out with a back step.


Compadre
A responsible, brave, well-behaved, and honourable man of the working class who dresses well and is very macho.


Compadrito
Dandy; hooligan; street punk; ruffian: They invented the Tango.


Compás (Beat), as in the beat of the music.
The walking count or impulse of each measure, the simplest element of each piece of music. See Ritmo.


Confiteria Bailable
A café like establishment with a nice atmosphere where one can purchase refreshments and dance tango. A nice place to meet friends or a date for dancing.


Confiteria Style
May refer to a smooth and simple Salon Style as in Tango Liso or to Milonguero Style.


Conventillo
Boarding houses in the suburbs of Buenos Aires in which the immigrant population was housed. It consisted of many rooms around a central courtyard with a common cooking area. The space for Saturday night “jam sessions” and dances where the milonga and the tango were born. The cradle of Milonga!


Corazon (Heart)
Heart


Corrida (From correr: to run)
A short sequence of running steps.


Corrida Garabito
A milonga step in which the couple alternately step through between each other, the man with his right leg and the lady mirroring with her left, then pivot to face each other as they step together. May be repeated as desired.


Corte (Cut)
In tango, corte means cutting the music either by syncopating, or by holding for several beats. May refer to a position in which the torso is erect over a flexed supporting leg with the working leg extended forward to a pointe with the knees together which the man assumes when touching the lady’s foot with his in parada. The lady moves to the same position from parada as the man closes over her working foot in mordida, and pivots on her supporting foot in this position whenever the man leads an outside barrida. May also refer to a variety of dramatic poses featuring erect posture, flexed supporting legs, and extended dance lines by both dancers, used as a finale. See Quartas.


Cortina (Curtain)
A brief musical interlude between tandas at a milonga.


Contrapaso
A step produced when you lock one foot behind the other. For instance right foot steps forward, left foot locks behind right. Now right foot steps forward again. This can be done in single or double time, in one instance or repetitively. Also see Rabona and Traspie.

Crossed Feet
Or cross step: Occurs whenever the couple are stepping together on his and her right feet and then on his and her left feet, regardless of direction. The opposite of parallel feet.


Cruce (Cross)
Positions where the legs are crossed such as after a back step.


Cruzada (From cruzar - to cross; the cross)
A cruzada occurs any time a foot is crossed in front of or in back of the other. The lady’s position at 5 of the 8 count basic. May also be called Trabada.


Cuadrado (A square; A box step)
Used mostly in Milonga and Club or Canyengue style tango. See Baldosa.


Cuatro
A figure created when the lady flicks her lower leg up the outside of the opposite leg, keeping her knees together, and briefly creating a numeral 4 in profile. This can be led with a sacada or with an arrested rotational lead like a boleo, or it can be used, at the lady’s discretion, in place of a gancho or as an adornment after a gancho. See Amague.


Cucharita (The spoon)
A lifting of the lady’s foot with a gentle scooping motion by the man’s foot to the lady’s shoe, usually led during forward ochos to create a flicking motion of the lady’s leg.


Cuerpo
Body; torso.

Cunita (Cradle)
A forward and backward rocking step done in time with the music and with or without chiches, which is useful for marking time or changing direction in a small space. This movement may be turned to the left or right, danced with either the left or right leg forward, and repeated as desired. See Hamaca.

Dedo
Toe or finger.

Derecha (f)
Right (the opposite of left).

Derecho
Erect, straight. See Postura.

Despacio
Slowly

Desplazamiento
Displacement: Displacing the partner’s leg or foot using one’s own leg or foot. See Sacada.

Día (m)
Day

Dibujo (m)
Drawing; sketch: A dibujo is done by drawing circles or other small movements on the floor with one’s toe.
Also, to trace your partner's foot. See Firulete, Lapiz, and Rulo.

Doble Tiemp
Double time.

Eje (pronounced ay-hay)
Axis or balance. See Postura.

Elevadas
Dancing without keeping the feet on the floor. This was the style before the turn of century when tango was danced on dirt surfaces in the patios of tenements, low-class taverns, and on the street. Once tango went uptown enough to actually be danced on floors (wood, tile, or marble) the dancers fell in love with the floor, thus we now refer to 'caressing the floor'. Characteristic of canyengue or orillero-style tango.

Embutido
Filler or inlay: a foot swinging behind other foot after an enrosque.

Enganche
Hooking; coupling; the little hook: A leg wrap. Occurs when a partner wraps a leg around the other’s leg, or uses a foot to catch and hold the other’s foot or ankle.

Enrosque (m)
From enroscar - to coil or twist: While the lady dances a molinete, the man pivots on his supporting foot, hooking or coiling the working leg behind or around in front of the supporting leg.

Entrada
Entrance: Occurs when a dancer steps forward or otherwise enters the space between their partners legs without displacement.

Entregarme
Surrender: To give oneself up to the leader’s lead.

Espalda (f)
The back (of a torso)

Espejo (m)
Mirror: To mirror the movement of ones partner as in "Ochos en espejo", a figure where the man and woman both do forward ochos at the same time.

Esperar
To wait

Fanfarron
A rhythmic tapping or stomping of the foot in time with the music for dramatic and emotional effect. Boisterous behavior. See Golpecitos. Fanfarrón also means bluffer, braggart, boaster.

Farolita
The Light; The farol (m) is a street lamp specific to
Buenos Aires which produces a circular sphere of light. The term in tango refers to the man sweeping his foot to “draw” the sphere of light.

Fijarse
Pay close attention to.

Firulete
An adornment; a decoration; an embellishment: Complicated or syncopated movements which the dancer uses to demonstrate their skill and to interpret the music. See adorno, and lapiz. Freno To stop and hold; brake.

Freno
To stop and hold; brake.

Fueye (m)
Bellows, refers to a bandoneon.

Gancho (m)
The hook: One person flicks the leg between the legs of the his/her partner. A dancer hooks a leg sharply around and in contact with their partners leg by flexing the knee and releasing. May be performed to the inside or outside of either leg and by either partner.

Gaucho
The Argentine Cowboy. The folklore of
Argentina centers around this figure. Martin Fierro written by Jose Hernandez is the bible to read in order to understand this personnage from the history of Argentina and Tango

Garcha
A rather rude lunfardo term to be used only among friends; noun, 1. penis, pija masculino; 2. worthless or of bad quality, trucho comprar; 3. bad luck: ¡Qué garcha! This sucks! cagada malo garchar; verb, 'to screw' coger sexo. In tango, it may refer to a blind step against line of dance causing a collision for your partner, a garcha! May also be used as a pejorative, as in "Politicians are all garchas!" Akin to "screw-off" or "screw-up" in English slang.

Giro (m)
Turn: A turning step or figure.

Golden age of tango
The period from 1935s-1950s when tango experienced particluar high popularity.

Golpes
Toe taps: With a tilted foot tap the floor with the toe and allow the lower leg to rebound keeping the knees together. See Picados and Punteo.

Golpecitos
Little toe taps: Rhythmic tapping done with a flat foot on the ball or underside of the toe as an adorno.

Grelas
A lunfardo term for woman. See mina.

Guapo
Handsome: A respectable and desirable man. A compadre.

Guardia vieja
A period in the history of tango, 1866 to 1920.

Guiar
To guide, also to lead.

Habanera
A side together side together stepping action entered with a side chassé, commonly used by the man as he leads backward ochos for the lady in crossed feet. An Afro-Cuban dance from the mid 19th century which contributed to tango.

Hablar
To speak, to talk

Hamaca
Another term for Cunita.

Hombro (m)
Shoulder

Inclinada
Tilt, tilting. See Carpa, Puente.

Izquierda (f)
Left (the opposite of right).

Intrusiones
Intrusions: Adornos where you put your foot or leg between your partner's legs. Sometimes this is just a brief kick. Sometimes you'll use your foot or leg to push against one of your partner's feet or legs. When beginning tango the man does the intrusions but as dancers become more advanced women may do them too.

Junta
From juntar - to join or bring together (as in, one’s feet or knees); close: In Tango it is essential that the ankles and knees should come together or pass closely by each other between each step to create an elegant appearance, preserve balance, and to communicate clearly the completion of the step to one’s partner. This applies equally to the man and the lady.

Lapiz
Pencil: Tracing of circular motions on the floor with the toe or inside edge of the working foot, while turning or waiting on the supporting foot. These may vary from small adornments done while marking time to large sweeping arcs which precede the lady as she moves around the man in molinete. See Dibujo, Firulete, and Rulo.

Latigo, Latigazo
Whip: Describes the whipping action of the leg in boleos to front or back, when led with energy and speed. See Latigazo and Boleo.

Lento
Slowly.

Lindo/a
Pretty, cute

Liso
Smooth, as in Tango Liso: An early term for Tango de Salon.

Llevada
From llevar - to transport; a carry; to take with: Occurs when the man uses the upper thigh or foot to “carry” the lady’s leg to the next step. Barridas interspersed with walking steps in which the man takes the lady with him across the floor.

Luna (f)
The moon

Lunfardo (m)
The Spanish slang of the
Buenos Aires underworld which is common in tango lyrics and terminology. Popular words and idioms of Buenos Aires that at the beginning was characterised by the lower class immigrants and enriched by contributions from the indigenous languages of the city of origin and zone of cultural influence.

Lunge
Right Lunge: In closed position, trail feet free, lower into the left knee and step side and forward onto the right, keeping the left side in toward your partner and your body upright. Don't lean over your partner. As you take weight on the right, lower into the right knee and turn slightly LF to close her head.

Lustrada
From lustrar - to shine or polish; the shoe shine: A stroking of the man’s pant leg with a shoe. May be done by the lady or by the man to himself but is never done to the lady.

Malevo/a
Ruffian

Mano (f)
Hand

Marcar v., la marca n.
From Marque - to plot a course; guide: To lead. La marca is the lead.

Media luna (f)
Half moon: A sweeping circular motion of the leg similar to a ronde in ballroom but always danced in contact with the floor, never lofted. Usually danced by the lady and often led with a sacada to the lady’s leg. May be used to bring the lady to an inside gancho.

Media vuelta (f)
Half turn: Usually done when the man’s right foot and the lady’s left foot are free. The man steps forward outside right (3 of 8 count basic), leading the lady to step back left, then side right across his right leg, and forward left around him as he shifts weight first to his center, then onto his right foot as he then pivots on both feet ½ turn with his partner, the lady pivoting on her left foot. Media Vuelta is used by itself to change direction or maneuver on the dance floor and as an entrance to many combinations.

Milonga (f)
May refer to the music, written in 2/4 time, or to the dance which preceded the tango, or to the dance venue where people go to dance tango, or to a tango dance and party.

Milonguero (Milonguera, Milonguita fem.)
Refers to those frequenting the milongas from the early 1900s to the present who were or are tango fanatics. A person whose life revolves around dancing tango and the philosophy of tango. A title given by other tango dancers to a man (woman) who has mastered the tango dance and embodies the essence of tango.

Milonguero Cross
A step in which the man leads the lady to step side left around him, reverses before she completes the step, and leads her back into the cross. Also known as ochos cortados.

Milonguero Style
Term originally given by Europeans and some North Americans to the style of dancing in a very close embrace; also referred to as confiteria style, club style, apilado style, etc. Usually used in the very crowded clubs frequented by singles in the center of
Buenos Aires . Milonguero Style is danced in a very close embrace with full upper body contact, the partners leaning into each other (but never hanging on each other), and using simple walking and turning steps. This style relies on music of the more rhythmic type as characterized by orquestas like those of D’Arienzo or Tanturi.

Milonguita
Questionably, an affectionate diminutive for the milonga. Milonguita is also a name used for the young girls brought from eastern Europe and France (Madame Yvonne) with the promise to marry a rich Argentinean, or the poor girls from the conventillos, all of whom ended up as a hostess’ or prostitutes in the tango bars.

Mina
A lunfardo word for woman. See grelas, paicas, or pebeta.

¡Mira!
From mirar - to look; see; observe; take notice: Look at this. Observe.

Molinete (m)
Windmill; wheel: A figure in which the lady dances a grapevine on a circumference around the man, stepping side-back-side-forward using forward and back ocho technique and footwork, as the man pivots at the center of the figure. This is a very common figure in tango which challenges both the man and the lady to maintain good posture, balance, and technique in order to perform it well. One of the central codes of tango.

Molinete con Sacadas
An exciting and more complicated form of molinete in which the man steps into the lady’s space, displacing her leg with his, and pivots on a new center to face her as she continues around him. Many combinations are possible.

Mordida
From morder: to bite; the little bite: One partner’s foot is sandwiched or trapped between the other partner’s feet. If the other partner’s feet are also crossed it may be referred to as Reverse Mordida. Sometimes called Sandwiche, or Sanguchito.

Mordida Alto
A variation in which a dancer catches a partners knee between both of their own.

Neotango
Increasingly used term associated with music and dancing to tango fusion or non-tango tracks. the latest mutation of tango nuevo.

Ocho
Eight (pl. ochos); figure eights: A crossing & pivoting figure. Executed as a walking step with flexed knees and feet together while pivoting, ochos may be danced either forward or backward and are so designated from the lady’s perspective. El Ocho is considered to be one of the oldest steps in tango along with caminada, the walking steps. It dates from the era when women wore floor length skirts with full petticoats and danced on dirt floors. Since the lady’s footwork could not be directly observed the quality of her dancing was judged by the figure she left behind in the dirt after she danced away.

Ocho Cortado
Cut eight: Occurs when a molinete or an ocho-like movement is stopped and sent back upon itself. Typical in club style where many such brakes are used to avoid collisions. Describes a movement done on either foot, pivoting forward of backward, and going either left or right. A common figure in Milonguero or Club Style Tango which is designed to allow interpretation of rhythmic music while dancing in a confined space.

Ocho doble
Double ocho

Ocho Defrente
Ocho to the front: Forward ochos for the lady (i.e., crossing in front).

Ocho Para Atrás
Ocho to the back: Back ochos for the lady (i.e., crossing behind).

Ochos en Espejo
Ochos in the mirror: The man and the lady execute forward or back ochos simultaneously, mirroring each others movement.

Ojos (m)
Eyes

Orillero
Outskirts; suburban.

Orillero Style
The style of dance which is danced in the suburbs, characterized by the man doing many quick syncopated foot moves and even jumps. See seguidillas.

Palanca
Lever; leverage: Describes the subtle assisting of the lady by the leader during jumps or lifts in tango fantasia (stage tango).

Parada (f)
From parar - to stop; a stop: The man stops the lady, usually as she steps crossing back in back ochos or molinete, with pressure inward at the lady’s back and at her balance hand and with a slight downward thrust, preventing further movement. When properly led the lady stops with her feet extended apart, front and back, and her weight centered. The man may extend his foot to touch her forward foot as an additional cue and element of style or he may pivot and step back to mirror her position (fallaway).

Parallel step
The natural condition when a couple dance in an embrace facing each other, the man stepping on his left, the lady on her right foot, and then the man stepping on his right, the lady on her left foot, regardless of direction. The opposite of crossed feet.

Parejas Couple: The two partners in a tango.

Pasada
Passing over. Occurs when the man has stopped the lady with foot contact and leads her to step forward over his extended foot. Used frequently at the end of molinete or after a mordida. The lady may, at her discretion, step over the man’s foot or trace her toe on the floor around its front. Pasada provides the most common opportunity for the lady to add adornos or firuletes of her own and a considerate leader will give the lady time to perform if she wishes.

Paso (m)
A step. Paso basico - basic step.

Patada
A kick

Pausa
Pause; wait: Hold a position for two or more beats of music. See titubeo.

Pebeta (f)
A lunfardo word for young woman or girl. See mina or paicas.

Pecho (m)
The chest

Pecho argentino
A social Tango from the 50's, with simple vocabulary but not limited.

Pelo (m)
Hair

El peso
The weight

Picados
A flicking upward of the heel when turning or stepping forward. Usually done as an advanced embellishment to ochos or when walking forward. See Golpes.

Picardia
Dirty tricks, mischief

Pie (m)
Foot

Pierna (f)
Leg

Pinta
Appearance; presentation: Includes clothes, grooming, posture, expression, and manner of speaking and relating to the world. See bien parado.

Pisar
to step.

Piso (m)
Floor

Pista (f)
The dance floor.

Planchadoras
The women who sit all night at the milongas without being asked to dance. The main reason for that, is because they don't know how to dance well enough. Yes, it may seem cruel but one of the many tango lyrics actually says something like, "let them learn as a consequence of sitting all night."

Planeo
Pivot; glide: Occurs when the man steps forward onto a foot, usually his left, and pivots with the other leg trailing (gliding behind) as the lady dances an additional step or two around him. May also occur when the man stops the lady in mid stride with a slight downward lead and dances around her while pivoting her on the supporting leg as her extended leg either trails or leads. Can be done by either the man or the lady.

Porteño (feminine; Porteña)
An inhabitant of the port city of
Buenos Aires .

Postura
Posture: Correct posture for tango is erect and elegant with the shoulders always over the hips and relaxed, and with the center carried forward toward the dance partner over the toes and balls of the feet. See derecho and eje.

Potranca
A young female racehorse: Sometimes used to refer to a beautiful long-legged Argentine woman.

Práctica
A practice session for tango dancers. Generally shorter, and less formal than a milonga.

Preguntar
To ask. I.e. Una pregunta, por favor -- A question, please.

Puente
Bridge
; See Carpa, Inclinada.

Punteo
Point; with the point; peck: Rhythmic toe taps to the floor done with the toe, or point, of the shoe while the foot is moving over the floor in a sweeping movement as in boleo or planeo. See Golpes.

Quebrada
Break; broken: A position where the lady stands on one foot with the other foot hanging relaxed behind the supporting foot. Sometimes seen with the lady hanging with most of her weight against the man. Also a position in which the dancer’s upper body and hips are rotated in opposition to each other with the working leg flexed inward creating a broken dance line.

Rabona
A walking step with a syncopated cross. Done forward or backward the dancer steps on a beat, quickly closes the other foot in cruzada, and steps again on the next beat. Adopted from soccer. See traspie.

Rápido
Fast. Usually heard "mas rapido."

Rebote
Rebound: the dancers rebound from their step without fully changing weight.

Resolución
Resolution; tango close: An ending to a basic pattern similar to a half of a box step. 6, 7, and 8 of the 8 count basic.

Ritmo (m)
Rhythm: Refers to the more complex rhythmic structure of the music which includes the beat or compas as well as the more defining elements of the song. See compas.

Rodilla (f)
Knees.

Ronda
(La ronda) Line of dance: Refers to the etiquette of dancing in the line of dance by moving counter clockwise around the dance floor, and using concentric lanes in the traffic to facilitate dancing in close proximity with one another. See Codigos.

Rulo
A curl: Used frequently at the end of molinete when the man, executing a lapiz or firulete ahead of the lady, curls his foot in around the lady and extends it quickly to touch the her foot. An older term for lapiz.

Sacada (f)
A displacement: The most common term for a displacement of a leg or foot by the partner’s leg or foot. Occurs when a dancer places their foot or leg against a leg of their partner and transfers weight to their leg so that it moves into the space of and displaces the partner’s leg. See Desplazamiento.

Salida (f)
From salir - to exit; to go out: The first steps of dancing a tango, or a tango pattern, derived from “¿Salimos a bailar?” {Shall we (go out to the dance floor and) dance?}. Also means the beginning of a pattern.

Salida Cruzada
The beginning of a pattern with a cross, stepping side left crossing right foot behind left or side right crossing left foot behind right.

Salida de Gato
A variation on the basico in which the man steps side left, forward right outside the lady, diagonal forward left, and crossing behind right with a lead for forward ochos for the lady. The lady is led to step side right, back left, diagonal back right, and crossing forward left, beginning ochos on her left foot. This figure enters ochos without using cruzada.

Saludo
Front leg wipe.

Salón
Style of tango best suited for social dancing. Always following line of dance, being aware and be courteous to others.

Salto
Jump (saltito - little jump): Leading your partner/yourself into a jump.

Sandwiche, sanguichito
Meaning a foot sandwich where both feet of one person are sandwiching the foot of the partner. Also see Mordida.

Seguidillas
Tiny quick steps, usually seen in orillero style.

Seguir
To follow.

Sentada (f)
To sit (from sentar); a sitting action: A family of figures in which the lady creates the illusion of sitting in, or actually mounts, the man’s leg. Frequently used as a dramatic flourish at the end of a dance.

Soltada
Untying, to let go: steps where the embrace is broken.

Stork
See Calecita. Not used often or much recommended but refers to a position of the lady where the working leg is held with the lower leg lifted and horizontal in a figure four, or cuatro, position.

Suave
Smooth, steady and gentle, soft, stylish. A major objective in tango.

Syncopation
Syncopate; syncopated; syncopa: A musical term adopted by dancers and used in a way which is technically incorrect, musically, and leads to endless arguments between dancers and musicians. Musically it refers to an unexpected or unusual accenting of the beats in a measure such as the two and four beats of swing music rather than the more common accent on the one and three beats. Dancers have come to use the term to describe cutting the beat, or stepping on the half-beat.

Sube y Baja
Literally, to go up and down: A milonga step in which the couple dance forward-together and back-together in outside right position with a pendulum action of the hips. See Ven y Va.

Taco (m) Heel

Tanda
A set of dance music, usually three to five songs, of the same dance in similar style, if not by the same orquesta. The tandas are separated by a brief interlude of non tango music called a “cortina”, or curtain, during which couples select each other. It is customary to dance the entire tanda with the same partner unless the man is rude or very disappointing as a dance partner, in which case the lady may say gracias (thank you) and leave. See Codigos, Cortina.

Tango
Popular music from the
Rio de la Plata region dating back to 1885-95, defined by a 2/4 rhythm until the 1920s when a 4/8 rhythm became common. A popular dance originating in the mid 19th century which descended from the Candombe, Habanera, Milonga, and (by some tango scholars) the Tango Andaluz. The exact origins of Tango are a historical mystery.

Tango de Salon
An elegant and very social style of tango characterized by slow, measured, and smoothly executed moves. It includes all of the basic tango steps and figures plus sacadas, giros, and boleos. The emphasis is on precision, smoothness, and elegant dance lines. The dancing couple do not embrace as closely as in older styles and the embrace is flexible, opening slightly to make room for various figures and closing again for support and poise.

Tango Fantasia, stage tango
This is a hybrid tango, an amalgam of traditional tango steps, ballet, ballroom, gymnastics, ice-skating figures, etc. This is what most people see when they buy tickets for a tango show. The moves include all of the basic tango moves plus, ganchos, sacadas, boleos of every kind, sentadas, kicks, leaps, spins, lifts, and anything else that the choreographer and the performers think that they can get away with. Alas, this style of dancing shows up from time to time at the milongas, usually badly performed by ill-behaved tango dancers and frustrated tango performers who insist on getting their money’s worth even if they have to kick, step on, bump into, or trip every other dancer on the floor. This behavior is NOT socially acceptable.

Tango fusion
A fusion of tango music with other music genres.

Tango Liso
Literally, tango smooth: A way of dancing tango characterized by its lack of fancy figures or patterns. Only the most “basic” tango steps and figures such as caminadas, ochos, molinetes, etc., are utilized. Boleos, ganchos, sacadas, sentadas, and other fancy moves and acrobatics are not done. A very early term for Tango de Salon.

Tango nuevo (dance)
Covers the entire range of leadable argentine tango moves; it is particularly apparent when danced in complex combinations envolving saccadas, boleos, ganchos, colgadas, volcadas etc.; open style is easier and more popular. The very basics are the open step, front and back cross which represent together with the giro "the base" of argentine tango as taught using the proven system of tango nuevo.

Tango nuevo (music)
Associated with the tango music from the 1950s, 1960s and later (e.g. Piazzolla, Pugliese) that came after the golden age era.

Tanguero (feminine; Tanguera)
Refers to anyone who is deeply and seriously passionate about any part of tango, such as its history, music, lyrics, etc. In
Argentina most tangueros are scholars, of lunfardo, music, orchestrations, Gardel, etc. One can be a tanguero without being a milonguero and a milonguero without being a tanguero (very few milongueros would be referred to as tangueros). And of course one can be an extremely good tango dancer without being either, such as stage dancers, who are quite disdained by real milongueros and tangueros, unless they go the extra distance and become milongueros by going to the milongas, and/or tangueros as well. An aficionado.

Tiempo (m)
Time

Tijera
Scissor: A movement, usually danced by the man, in which an extended leg is withdrawn and crossed in front of the supporting leg without weight so that it remains free for the next step or movement. May also refer to a figure in which the man steps forward in outside position (left or right) caressing the outside of the lady’s leg with his leg (as in 3 of basico), then crosses behind himself which pushes the lady’s leg to cross in front. May also refer to a jumping step from stage tango where the lady swings her legs up and over with the second leg going up as the first leg is coming down (frequently seen as an aerial entry to sentadas).

Titubeo
Hesitation. See pausa.

Tobillo (m)
Ankle

Trabada
Another term for Cruzada.

Traspie (m)
Cross foot; triple step: A walking step with a syncopated cross. Using two beats of music the dancer does step-cross-step beginning with either foot and moving in any direction. See rabona.

Vals (m)
Argentine tango waltz.

Zapatazo
Shoe taps: A dancer taps their own shoes together. See Adorno, Fanfarron, and Golpecitos.

Zarandeo
A vigorous shake to and fro; a swing; a push to and fro; to strut about: In Tango it is the swinging back and forth, pivoting in place on one foot, marked to the lady in time with the music.

 

Salsa
Cross Body Lead 

The follower is led to opposite side of lead, causing them to swap positions in a counter-clockwise fashion. Exists in other Latin dances such as Cha-cha-cha.

Reverse Cross Body Lead
Reverse Cross Body Lead – same as Cross Body Lead, but couple exchanges positions in a clockwise fashion.

Para Al Mdio (To the middle)


Move Name (English)
 
Rueda
Rueda (as it is commonly called in Cuba) is a form of Casino style salsa danced in a circle with 2 or more couples who call out turns and exchange partners. One can not help but be impressed by a well constructed rueda where 2 or more couples seem to have a telepathic ability to simultaneously carry out complex turn patterns spontaneously. There are many variations and turns that are specific to various locales, but the two most common are styles are Cuban and Miami. The Miami style includes more decorative elements. 
The names of standard turns used by callers will often vary depending on where they learned casino. Rueda combines complex elegant turns with fun moves and lots of partner changes in either direction and is typically danced to lively upbeat salsa music such as Timba or pop salsa. Most terms in Rueda are called in Spanish or Spanglish but it does not require a fluency in Spanish to participate and many dancers rely mainly on memorization of terms


The following is a list of Calls and Turns in Rueda Casino:


Al medio [p'al medio] (to center)
Leaders initate a back and forth rocking into the center of the circle and to the outside while in tiempo espana (closed postion)ML:NAMESPACE PREFIX = O />


Abajo
Leaders do a 1/8 turn back and forth movement while in tiempo espana (closed position)


Dile que No (Tell her no)
Leaders initiate a cross body lead - leaders step across the followers at a diagonal while the followers execute an L shaped pattern on the cross body lead.


Guapea
The cuban style basic where leaders and followers step together touching left to right hands and then apart while holding right to left hands. It is important that both dancer extend their hands and meet in the middle but do not allow their arms to collapse.


Dame
- (pronounced "dah mae")
Leaders complete their guapea and then turn and dile que no to the next partner.


Enchufla
Leaders open break and pull partners across and then do a dile que no back to the original guapea position -- followers follow an L shaped pattern unique to Casino style salsa.


Adios - (Goodbye)
Similar to enchufla style turn where the leaders open break, pull partners towards them and then rotate around the partner and dame on to the next partner.


Vacilala - (watch her go)
Very prominent in the both the Casino and Miami style, leaders initate the follower to move across them while watching the follower walk. In Miami style the lead a is a "tap" on the 4 count which opens their partners body to the center of the circle and the leader steps to their left while the follower moves across the leader and they return to the guapea after a dile que no. Vacilala is generally taught as an advanced turn and is the basis for many complex turn patterns such as el dedo, montana, balsero, besito...


Suena -
(Make a sound)
On the one count, everyone stamps their foot. This is a way of communicating and establishing the timing for the rueda. This is often called when the circle breaks down and synchronicity needs to be re-established.


Fun Moves

There are many fun moves in Rueda that generally require little knowledge of the calls, but make the dance fun and relevant to the locale. Unlike turns, most fun moves are learned simply through watching the leader and imitating them during a rueda. When calling to less experienced dancers, callers often use more "fun" moves than complex turns to make it easier and more fun for the dancers.


Una Fly
Dancers imitate catching a fly ball on side opposite their partners.


Bing Bong
Dancers bump hips with the person on opposite side of their partner.


Una Foto
Dancers imitate taking a foto or posing for the photo with the person opposite their partner.

Move Name (Coming soon)

 
Move Name (Coming soon)
 
Dance Style Coming Soon
Move Name (English)
 
Move Name (English)
 
Dance Style Coming Soon
Move Name (English)

Move Name (English)
 
© 2008 VIVA Dance & Entertainment Co. Pty Ltd